History and Background of Garlic
Garlic is also from the Allium family – the plant family that includes onions and leeks. Garlic grows wild throughout Asia, but its origin is unknown. It has been widely accepted by most cultures and is prized for both medicinal and cooking purposes. In Western cooking garlic is more likely to be used as a flavorful herb than an actual vegetable. Garlic is used in its bulb form, and the “heads” of it are consumed. It is used for flavoring and to accompany meats. Garlic is used to flavor other culinary dishes and are not consumed alone in the west. Garlic varieties include:
· New York White
· German Red
· Spanish Rosa
· Asian Tempest
· Merrifield Rocambole
Garlic is often used as a seasoning. It also yields allicin, an anti-microbial substance. Garlic has been considered for medicinal values as an anti-coagulant, tool of lowering cholesterol, treatment for intestinal worms, and aid in heart health.
Garlic Growth Needs
Garlic is a hearty winter plant that enjoys moist soil. The plant will produce in direct sunlight and partial sun. Garlic does not require much space, and you can plant the bulbs as close as 4 inches apart, but it is suggested to allow 6 inches between plantings. Irrigate moderately and the garlic should grow at an average rate.